Iberia Forever

N. Televnaya

 

Jokhar Dudaev and Zviad Gamsakhurdia

 1996 

 Russian

 

n. televnaia

Zmadnaficebi ukuniTi ukunisamde

SemoklebiT

sazogadoeba, sadac Cven vcxovrobT, mxolod didi gaWirvebiT SeiZleba miviCnioT civilizebulad. samoqalaqo sazogadoebaze ki laparakic zedmetia. ruseTSi igi arasdros yofila da Tvalmisawvdom istoriul momavalSic ara sCans. egreT wodebulma Tavisufalma bazarma, romelSic surT yvela ubedurebisgan Tavis daxsnis panacea dainaxon, ruseTi ukve miiyvana sisxlis samarTlis danaSaulis sazarel formamde, romlis msgavsi arsad da arasdros yofila, saidanac pirdapiri gzaa gadagvarebisaken, barbarosobisaken da velurobisaken.

istoriul vakuumSi arsebobam, sadac istoriuli movlenebi icvleba morigi mTavrobis mier dasaxuli "istoriuli" RonisZiebebiT, romelic istoriul process aqcevs gaugebars, erTjeradi moxmarebis sagnad, sazogadoeba gaiyvana istoriuli sivrcisa da drois miRma. sazogadoeba cxovrobs irealur da meryev maradiul "dRes" da socialuri eqsperimentebiT Tavi amohyo istoriamdel epoqaSi.

istoriul droSi gadasvla - es aris heroikuli periodi kacobriobis istoriaSi, romelic axla daiwyo kavkasiaSi. pirvelad swored kavkasiaSi gamoCndnen individumebi, romlebic hegelis mier ganmartebuli antikuri gmirebis mkacr CarCoebSi Tavsdebian.

eseni arian joxar dudaevi da zviad gamsaxurdia. isini XX saukuneSi movidnen TiTqos sxva istoriuli epoqidan da TiToeuli maTgani cxovrobda ukanasknel amosunTqvamde sakuTari mrwamsiT.

zviad gamsaxurdia iyo saqarTvelos oqros saukunis Svili. joxar dudaevi bunebrivi Tavisuflebis patriarqaluri droebis legendaruli pirmSo. SezRuduli ara kanonebiT, aramed daurRveveli da ukvdavi adaT-wesebiT. dudaevis genetikuri mexsiereba isaxavda beladTa da mefeTa saxes, romlebic mSvidobianobis dros naxirs mwyevsavdnen, xolo mtris winaaRmdeg brZolis dros, romlebic maT mSvidobian saZovrebs Semoesivnen, ibrZodnen ubralo meomrebTan mxardamxar da arasdros kvdebodnen farze, aramed fariT xelSi... idumali ucnobi warsuli, romelic SegnebaSi iZleva raRac maradiuls da uaxlesi warsuli - samudamo gadasaxleba, dabruneba mSobliur adgilebSi, ar SeiZleba xsomeboda bavSvs. magram yovelTvis axsovda da ixsenebda mSoblebis, ufrosi Zmebis mogonebebs. amitom iqca es yvelaferi erTian paTosad da bediswerad, xolo TviTon - XX saukunis kavkasiis pirvel epikur gmirad.

CeCneTis omis esqatologiuri xasiaTi araa mxolod iCqeriis xalxis totaluri genocidi, aramed florisa da faunis, qveynis istoriuli landSaftis, TviT miwis, romelzec es xalxi cxovrobs oriaTaswleulis manZilze. ganadgureba da mospoba, raTa momaval Taobebs ar efiqraT, rom am jojoxeTuri cecxliT damwvar miwaze SeeZlo ecxovra, ebrZola da gaemarjva adamians, XX saukuneSi enaxaT irealuri sizmari: winareistoriuli dro, roca iqmneboda miTebi kacobriobisTvis sabediswero brZolebis Sesaxeb, misive Seqmnil urCxulebTan.

am omis gamocdileba albaT ukve Seiswavleba, raTa gaigo cudad SeiaraRebuli mcirericxovani Mmeomrebis brZolis strategia agresoris oTxasaTasian armiasTan, romelic mis winaaRmdeg iyenebs masobrivi mospobis yvela saSualebas. jerjerobiT birTvuli iaraRis garda. es Seswavla cotas mogvcems. msoflio istoriaSi am uprecendento winaaRmdegobis mizezi aris ara joxar dudaevis brwyinvale samxedro niWi, aramed iCqeriis mTeli xalxis mier sakuTari qveynis damoukideblobis miReba, rogorc bedisweris garduvaloba. amitom, dudaevis daRupvac, romelic aRiqmeba rogorc sayovelTao mwuxareba, ar gamxdara nacionaluri katastrofa. rac, rogorc sCans, Tavidanve ase hqonda Cafiqrebuli imperias, aramed igi iqca gmiris gzis WeSmarit apoTeozad. igi mokvda rogorc gamarjvebuli. Seasrula is, rac mTeli misi cxovrebis paTosad iqca: man Sehqmna damoukidebeli saxelmwifo - iCqeriis (CeCneTis) respublika da rac unda Tqva "dudaevis reJimze", yvelaferi gaqarwyldeba faqtebis utyuarobiT. mxolod Zlier saxelmwifoebriobas, darazmuls erTiani nebiT da xalxis erTiani bediT, SeuZlia win aRudges agresoris momakvdinebel Zalas, romlis adamianTa rezervi aWarbebs iCqerias 150-jer metad da romelic nebismieri danaSaulis Camdenia, raTa daaCoqos CeCeni xalxi. magram dedamiwaze Tundac erTi CeCeni rom darCes, igi yvelgan da yovelTvis Tavs igrZnobs, rogorc moqalaqe Tavisufali iCqeriisa. yvelgan da yovelTvis! swored es aris joxar dudaevis didi istoriuli gamarjveba, romelic iqca axali gmiruli eposis bednier epikur gmirad. gmiruli epoqis, romelic kvlav iSva kavkasiaSi.

magram Tu joxar dudaevi epikuri Tqmulebis bednieri gmiria, zviad gamsaxurdia aris tragikuli, Tavganwiruli figura. igi saqarTveloSi movida misi istoriis albaT yvelaze tragikul momentSi da movida oqros saukunidan, sadac mas, Teologsa da moazrovnes, misTvis Sesaferisi adgili eWira Tamar mefis brwyinvale sasaxlis filosofiur disputebSi. magram igi daibada sisxlian XX saukuneSi, roca Sinaganad afeTqebuli droTa kavSiri dairRva. qarTveli hamleti mowodebuli iyo, aRedgina igi, magram es misTvis SeuZlebeli aRmoCnda, rogorc misi winamorbedi daniis princisTvis. igi airCies saqarTvelos prezidentad da am postze dahyo naxevar weliwads. misi prezidentobis gza cnobilia - es aris golgoTisken aRmavali gza! prezidenti-disidenti, rogorc mas zogjer uwodebdnen, iqca prezident-mowamed. saerTod, masSi iyo raRac qristiani mowamisa da sxva dros rom ecxovra, igi gaxdeboda rwmenis moRvawe xalxis rCeuli. saqarTvelos rCeuli mzad iyo, emsaxura misTvis rogorc rainds, magram igi arasdros yofila politikosi Tanamedrove gagebiT da politikuri kamaTi mas esmoda, rogorc disputi WeSmaritebis dasadgenad. misi politikuri mowinaaRmdegeni ki iyvnen profesionali jalaTebi. magram man icoda, ra surda saqarTvelos da es mas ar apaties. mezobelma Zlierma saxelmwifom, roca darwmunda, rom saqarTveloSi yvelaferi seriozulad keTdeba, miayena Zlieri dartyma. saqarTvelo, romelic pirveli ganTavisuflda bolSevizmisgan, pirvelive iRebs Zlier dartymas garedan. igi iqca moskovis mier dagegmili politikuri intrigebisa da sisxliani provokaciebis poligonad.

roca gamsaxurdias winaSe dadga sakiTxi, Tu visi sisxli unda daRvriliyo. man uyoymanod gaakeTa arCevani...

saqarTvelos bediswera mis bediswerad iqca. misi cxovrebis tragedia misi sikvdiliT ar dasrulda. sayvareli samSoblo kvlav Zveleburad jvarcmulia da xan Cumad, xan xmamaRla ismis xmebi, rom zviadi cocxalia, rom igi dabrundeba...

da zviad gamsaxurdias da joxar dudaevs, sruliad gansxvavebul adamianebs, hqondaT erTi siyvaruli da erTi rwmena - kavkasia. maT icodnen, rom RmerTma kavkasiis Seqmnisas gansakuTrebuli guluxvoba gamoiCina. man imdeni masala moandoma mis Seqmnas, rac Tavisuflad eyofoda ramdenime qveynis Seqmnas. magram TviT RmerTs ar SeuZlia qveynis ramdenime nawilisagan erTiani kavkasiis Seqmna. samagierod, adamianebs SeuZliaT kavkasiis ganadgureba da gamsaxurdia da dudaevi xedavdnen, rom xalxTa axali dasjis da tanjvis didi Rame dgeba yvelaze tragikul da yvelaze lamaz miwaze da gamsaxurdia da dudaevi xedaven, rom mxolod kavkasiis xalxTa kavSiris Seqmnas SeuZlia gadaarCinos maTi adaT-wesebi, cxovrebis niri, xolo zogi - srul ganadgurebas.

da, ai, meomari da moazrovne, CeCeni da qarTveli, musulmani da qristiani,

xels uwvdian erTmaneTs da xdebian mokavSireebi da Zmadnaficebi

saukunod da ukuniTi ukunisamde.

... CeCnebi dros SeigrZnoben ara rogorc wuTisofels, aramed rogorc yofierebis usasrulobas. swored esaa patara CeCneTis mier uzarmazari ruseTis saxelmwifosadmi gaugonari, mamacuri winaaRmdegobis gawevis saidumlo, rogorc am gamanadgurebel omSi, aseve warsul omebSic. CeCnebi msoflios erT-erTi uZvelesi xalxia da Tavisi mravalaTaswlovani genetikuri mexsierebis gamocdilebiT isini SeigrZnoben nebismieri TviTmpyrobelobis fuW warmavlobas. amas ver igeben verc mravalricxovani rusi dampyroblebi, verc kavkasiaze gulwrfelad Seyvarebuli rusi poetebi. is, raSic xedaven, maTi azriT, xalxis naxevrad velur, barbarosul egzotikas, sinamdvileSi aris uZvelesi kulturis gamovlena, kulturisa, romelic bevrad aRemateba dampyrobTa axalgazrda civilizacias. es gamovlenaa daviwyebuli, saukuneebSi dakarguli filosofiisa, didi filosofiisa, romelic Seguebuli iyo ara yoveldRiurobis wvrilman moTxovnilebebs, aramed aRemateboda cxovrebis warmavlobas Tavisuflebisken dauZleveli miswrafebis SegnebiT.

swored es filosofiaa, romelic mocemulia ara cnobierebaSi, aramed sulis maradiuli mdgomareobaSi, romelic yovelTvis gansazRvravda kavkasiis tragikul, heroikul da lamaz istorias. masSia kavkasiis momavlis pasuxic.

daisis sisxlian caze isini mxardamxar dganan - joxar dudaevi da zviad gamsaxurdia.

vin arian - winamorbedni? momavali dReebis gmiruli simboloebi? Tu ukanaskneli istoriuli gmirebi, cocxali anaqronizmi, kacobriobis aryofnaSi udrood wasulebi?... gmirebi? msxverplni? gamarjvebulni?

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